What is food? In simple terms, food is any substance that we eat that provides our bodies with essential nutrients. This substance may come from an animal, plant, or fungal source. Foods are consumed to keep our bodies functioning properly, including maintaining our weight and energy level. But what are the nutrients found in food? How do we know which ones our bodies need? What is the best way to get them? Listed below are some of the most important nutrients found in food.
Adaptation: Over millions of years, humans have evolved to cope with a variety of ecosystems by developing primary methods of feeding themselves. Hunting and gathering animals and pursuing food crops are one of the oldest ways of securing food, but modern agricultural practices have made it easier to produce food. Geography has also shaped human diets. In early European settlements, plants influenced human diets by introducing new plant species and animal products. As humans moved around, plant-based foods spread to new places, and later, into other areas. The evolution of the food chain fueled the development of new culinary techniques and tastes.
While the majority of foods contain carcinogens and anti-carcinogens, some are low in both. For example, eating meat and poultry that are grass-fed will reduce your risk of developing cancer. Low-fat dairy products are healthier than high-fat ones. And there are low-fat options for protein, like nuts and seeds. And you can’t go wrong with whole grain bread. For even more information, check out our blog posts and learn more about healthy eating.